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ielts reading test - the impact of wilderness tourism

A

The market for tourism in remote areas is booming as never before. Countries all across the world are actively promoting their ‘wilderness’ regions - such as mountains, Arctic lands, deserts, small islands, and wetlands - to high-spending tourists. The attraction of these areas is obvious.- by definition, wilderness tourism requires little or no initial investment. But that does not mean that there is no cost. As the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development recognized, these regions are fragile (i.e. highly vulnerable to abnormal pressures) not just in terms of their ecology, but also in terms of the culture of their inhabitants. The three most significant types of fragile environment in these respects, and also in terms of the proportion of the Earth's surface they cover, are deserts, mountains, and Arctic areas. An important characteristic is their marked seasonality, with harsh conditions prevailing for many months each year. Consequently, most human activities, including tourism, are limited to quite clearly defined parts of the year.

B

Tourists are drawn to these regions by their natural landscape beauty and the unique cultures of their indigenous people. And poor governments in these isolated areas have welcomed the new breed of ‘adventure tourist’, grateful for the hard currency they bring. For several years now, tourism has been the prime source of foreign exchange in Nepal and Bhutan. Tourism is also a key element in the economies of Arctic zones such as Lapland and Alaska and in desert areas such as Ayers Rock in Australia and Arizona’s Monument Valley.

Market: A place where goods or services are bought and sold.
The farmers set up their stalls at the local market.

Tourism: The activity of traveling for pleasure or visiting interesting places.
The city's economy relies heavily on tourism.

Booming: Experiencing rapid growth and success.
The tech industry in the region is booming with new startups.

Mountains: Large natural elevations of the earth's surface, typically with steep sides and a pointed or rounded top.
They enjoyed hiking in the mountains during their vacation.

Arctic lands: Areas located within or near the Arctic region.
The polar bears are adapted to survive in the harsh conditions of the Arctic lands.

Deserts: Barren areas of land with little or no vegetation and extremely low rainfall.
The scorching heat made it difficult to survive in the desert.

Islands: Pieces of land surrounded by water.
They went on a vacation to a tropical island with white sandy beaches.

Wetlands: Areas of land where water covers the soil, either permanently or seasonally.
The wetlands provide a habitat for various bird species.

Obvious: Easily perceived or understood; clear.
The answer to the question was obvious from the clues provided.

Fragile: Easily broken, damaged, or destroyed.
She handled the delicate vase with caution because it was fragile.

Seasonality: The characteristic of having distinct seasons or variations throughout the year.
The seasonality of the region affects the agricultural harvest.

Tourists: People who travel for pleasure or leisure.
The city attracts millions of tourists every year with its famous landmarks.

Beauty: The quality or combination of qualities that pleases the aesthetic senses.
The sunset over the ocean was a breathtaking beauty to behold.

Indigenous: Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
The museum showcased artifacts from the indigenous tribes of the region.

Arctic zones: Regions located within or near the Arctic Circle.
The polar bears are well-adapted to the extreme conditions of the Arctic zones.

Desert areas: Regions characterized by arid and dry conditions.
The cactus thrives in desert areas due to its ability to store water.

Wilderness tourism requires a significant initial investment.

Correct! Wrong!

Wilderness regions are highly vulnerable to abnormal pressures.

Correct! Wrong!

The culture of the inhabitants in wilderness regions is not affected by tourism.

Correct! Wrong!

Deserts, mountains, and Arctic areas cover a small proportion of the Earth's surface.

Correct! Wrong!

Most human activities, including tourism, in wilderness regions are limited to specific parts of the year.

Correct! Wrong!

Tourists are attracted to wilderness regions primarily for modern amenities and luxury resorts.

Correct! Wrong!

Tourism is a key element in the economies of Arctic zones and desert areas.

Correct! Wrong!

Tourism has led to an increase in farm output and improved irrigation systems in some regions.

Correct! Wrong!

The physical impact of visitors in wilderness areas mainly results from deforestation and impacts on water supplies.

Correct! Wrong!

Communities in fragile environments should strive to achieve greater control over tourism ventures to balance their needs and the demands of tourism.

Correct! Wrong!

ielts reading test - The Impact of Wilderness Tourism (T & F)

What is the main focus of wilderness tourism?
Answer: The natural landscape beauty and unique cultures of indigenous people.

Why do poor governments in isolated areas welcome adventure tourists?
Answer: They bring hard currency.

What are the three most significant types of fragile environments in terms of their vulnerability and surface coverage?
Answer: Deserts, mountains, and Arctic areas.

How has tourism affected hill-farmers in some regions?
Answer: Many of them have given up farm work, resulting in a decline in farm output and changes in the
local diet.
What traditional survival systems have been undermined in Arctic and desert societies due to tourism and other factors?
Answer: Hunting animals, fishing, and collecting wild food.

What are some of the environmental impacts associated with adventure tourism?
Answer: Erosion along trails, deforestation, and impacts on water supplies.

Can tourism be a problem for fragile environments and local cultures?
Answer: Yes, but it can also be minimized and even contribute to their reinvigoration.

What steps have communities in the Swiss Alps taken to integrate tourism effectively with the local economy?
Answer: Imposing limits on second home developments and reviving communal cheese production.

How have some Arctic communities ensured that tourism benefits accrue locally?
Answer: They operate tour businesses themselves, employing local people.

How have native people in desert regions encouraged tourism while benefiting economically?
Answer: By selling high-quality handicrafts and artwork from their pueblos and reservations.

What is the primary reason for the booming market in wilderness tourism?

Correct! Wrong!

Which regions are often promoted for wilderness tourism?

Correct! Wrong!

According to the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, what makes wilderness regions fragile?

Correct! Wrong!

Which of the following is NOT considered a fragile environment?

Correct! Wrong!

What limits human activities in fragile environments?

Correct! Wrong!

What attracts tourists to wilderness regions?

Correct! Wrong!

What role does tourism play in the economies of Arctic zones and desert areas?

Correct! Wrong!

How has tourism affected farming communities in some regions?

Correct! Wrong!

What is a major concern related to the physical impact of visitors in wilderness areas?

Correct! Wrong!

What can communities in fragile environments do to balance their needs with the demands of tourism?

Correct! Wrong!

ielts reading test - the impact of wilderness tourism - Quiz

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