In the English language, conjunctions are important parts of speech that connect words, phrases, or clauses. There are three types of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating, and correlative. In this article, we will focus on subordinating conjunctions and their importance in constructing meaningful sentences.
Some examples of subordinating conjunctions are after, although, as, because, before, if, since, unless, until, when, and while.
After he finished his homework, he went to bed.
Although it was raining, we decided to go for a walk.
As I was leaving, she arrived.
as if/ as though
She acted as if she didn't care.
Subordinating conjunctions are used to join dependent clauses to independent clauses. The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence, and it requires the independent clause to form a complete sentence. For example, “Although it was raining, we decided to go for a walk.” In this sentence, the dependent clause “although it was raining” is joined to the independent clause “we decided to go for a walk” by the subordinating conjunction “although.”
I will be happy if I pass my exam.
After I finish work, I will go to the gym.
Because it’s snowing, we can’t go for a picnic.
Although I had studied hard for the exam, I still felt nervous when I entered the exam hall.
In this sentence, “although” is the subordinating conjunction that joins the dependent clause “Although I had studied hard for the exam” to the independent clause “I still felt nervous when I entered the exam hall.”
Identify the main clause and the dependent clause in the sentence.
Place the subordinating conjunction at the beginning of the dependent clause.
Use a comma to separate the dependent and independent clauses when the dependent clause comes before the independent clause.
Using subordinating conjunctions in writing can help you create more complex and interesting sentences. They allow you to convey ideas in a clear and concise manner. However, it is important to use them correctly and not overuse them, as this can make your writing difficult to understand.
Using subordinating conjunctions in speech can also help you convey ideas in a clear and concise manner. They can help you connect ideas and convey relationships between clauses. However, it is important to use them appropriately and not overuse them, as this can make your speech sound unnatural.
Confusing subordinating conjunctions with coordinating conjunctions. Subordinating conjunctions join dependent clauses to independent clauses, while coordinating conjunctions join independent clauses.
Forgetting to use a comma when the dependent clause comes before the independent clause.
Overusing subordinating conjunctions, which can make your writing or speech difficult to understand.
Correct: After I finish my work, I will go to the gym.
Explanation: In this sentence, “after” is the subordinating conjunction that joins the dependent clause “after I finish my work” to the independent clause “I will go to the gym.” The sentence is correct because the subordinating conjunction is placed at the beginning of the dependent clause, and a comma is used to separate the dependent and independent clauses.
Incorrect: I will eat dinner although I am not hungry.
Explanation: This sentence is incorrect because the subordinating conjunction “although” is used incorrectly. “Although” is used to show a contrast between two ideas, but in this sentence, there is no contrasting idea presented. A better way to write this sentence would be “I am not hungry, but I will eat dinner.”
While the cat’s away, the mice will play.
If at first, you don’t succeed, try, try again.
Because I said so, that’s why!
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